Reports

This report, funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through the Meridian Institute, reflects on new VSS studies in the agricultural, forestry, marine fisheries and aquaculture sectors to revisit the issue of the state of knowledge about their conservation impacts.
This white paper, produced by Aidenvironment and commissioned by WWF and ISEAL, aims to contribute to the evidence of the systemic impacts of VSS as well as provide a working definition for the concept of systemic impacts.
ISEAL conducted research aiming to uncover smallholder perspectives on standards, explore the issues facing small certified producers and suggest opportunities for innovation and scaling-up of standards systems to meet producer needs.
The 2018 edition of LEAF’s global impacts report focuses on the collective performance and impact of LEAF farmers and growers across the world in their delivery of more sustainable food and farming.
The 2018 edition of Rainforest Alliance impacts report shares a comprehensive assessment of the Rainforest Alliance certification program, highlighting Rainforest Alliance collaborative approach to tackling the most critical social and environmental challenges in agriculture.
This ISEAL commissioned report, carried out by 3keel and the University of Oxford, aims to understand the effectiveness of sustainability standards and certification tools in driving the adoption of more sustainable practices.
This article tries to understand the spatial distribution of VSS at a global level and whether certified lands are best located for conserving biodiversity and benefiting the most vulnerable producers. 
This paper, published by PNAS, evaluates the causal impact of Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certification on deforestation, peatland development, and fire activity in Indonesia from 2001 to 2015.
This paper, commissioned by the Fairtrade Foundation and Fairtrade Deutschland, assesses the extent to which Fairtrade, through its supply chain interventions in tea, cocoa, bananas and flowers, improves fairness in trade including the impact on producers and workers.
Building on the RSPO 2016 impact report, this impact update covers RSPO’s progress and activities from mid-2016 to mid-2017, covering issues such as HCV areas, RSPO Next, community engagement and the complaints procedure.
This report examines the state of fragmentation across nine key agricultural commodity sectors in the 10 largest producer countries and ways of increasing coordination.
This review synthesises results from 45 recently published studies to assess the impacts of Fairtrade certification for smallholder producer groups and workers in hired labour organisations.