This 2013 report from KPMG (Klynveld Peat Marwick Goerdeler) and commissioned by SUSTAINEO assesses the improvement of smallholder livelihoods and uses comparisons, a literature study and interviews with experts in the field. They looked at the following certification schemes: Fairtrade, UTZ Certified (UTZ), Sustainable Agriculture Network/Rainforest Alliance (SAN/RA), Common Code for the Coffee Community (4C), Better Cotton Initiative (BCI), Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) and Organic.
The report looks at certification through the following dimensions: ‘access to education and training’, ‘farmer economy’, ‘working conditions, including child labor’, ‘gender equality’ and ‘democratic decision-making in producer groups’.
From their executive summary they stated that "According to literature and interviews, smallholders included in certification experience the following effects:
• Access to training and education: certification was effective in stimulating farmers’ access to training and the attendance of schools by their children.
• Farmer economy: net income of farmers increased due to productivity and quality improvements as well as premiums paid.
• Working conditions: working conditions on farms became safer and child labor slightly reduced.
Certification has had limited to no effects in the areas of democratic-decision making in cooperatives and gender equality."
To download the original report, click below.